1111: Anthropometric nutritional survey using a health world organization‘s anthropometric software

Conference: 
Author(s): 
H. Oliveira, Y. Martins, A. Gonçalves, Y. Ferreira, C. Freitas
Public Health, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil
Text: 
Objective:To assess overweight/obesity prevalence among Brazilian schoolchildren and the applicability of a Health World Organization‘s Anthropometric Software (WHOAS).
Methods: All children and teenagers of a Brazilian public school were weighted and height in 2011, using both platform scale and anthropometer. Data were recorded in the aforementioned software, while being collected. Body mass index was computed, graded, thereafter,\by international standards.
Results: Overweight/obesity prevalence of 27,5% was registered among 234 schoolchildren: 32% on less than 7 years old; 30% on between 7 and 9; 24% on aged 10 and older ones. Software was easy to handle, allowing a quick diagnosis, both individual and collective.
Conclusions: Higher general rates than other Brazilian surveys. Higher rates among the youngest, reaching developed countries ones. Maybe the nutritional transition is going on, in a developing country like Brazil, with some factors strongly present in the youngest, at first. Industrialization (less physical effort; food industry with low nutritional food production), urbanization ( taking the population away from healthy food sources and physical effort), increase of high income families (and industrialized food consumption) and low access to a nutritional education have been outlined as these factors. The software charts show this trend to obesity.\Nutritional diagnosis showed the obesity trend is going on at this sample and WHOAS was supposed to be a quite useful tool.

Disclosure: No conflict of interest declared