1234: Profile of hypertensive and diabetic patients in a metropolitan area in southern Brazil

Conference: 
Author(s): 
M. Diercks1, L. Kopittke1, L. Lima1, J. Baldisserotto1, S. Sirena1, S. Takeda1, F. Nedel1, 2
1 Serviço de Saúde Comunitaria, Grupo Hospitalar Conceição, Porto Alegre, Brazil; 2 Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
Text: 
Presentation type: Oral Communication
Introduction: Results of the first step of the “Evaluation of the quality of care in systemic hypertension and diabetes mellitus in primary health care” research, funded by the Ministry of Health of Brazil, identifying strategies to improve the quality of care of chronic diseases. The research analyses a Brazilian primary care service comprising 12 teams, with a population of 108,560 people, being estimated that 20,120 are hypertensive and 6,190 are diabetic.
Objectives: To evaluate the socio-economic and health characteristics of hypertensive and diabetic patients, the working process of interprofessional health care teams, and the service actions. Description of patients’ initial outcomes.
Methodology: Longitudinal study (baseline and six annual data collection), random sample of patients. Data collection was accomplished at home, using structured questionnaires.
Results: 2,672 hypertensive and diabetic patients were interviewed. 68% are women, half of whom is 64-years-old or less. 50% attended school for less than six years. 29% of the hypertensive patients have associated diabetes. Half of them know about their hypertension for over 9 years. Half of the hypertensive people live with another hypertensive person. Less than 10% participate in collective health education activities. 56% visited a doctor in the last 6 months, and ~20% are followed-up by nurses.
Conclusions: The research shows descriptive data of the hypertensive and diabetic population, identifies possible flaws to be revised by the primary care services, allows a proper planning for health care teams’ permanent education activities, and guides managers along the infrastructure suiting and formation of integrated health services networks.

Disclosure: No conflict of interest declared