179 (Op) Sanitary Education And Self Care. Impact Of An Educative Intervention

Conference: 
Author(s): 
M. Queralt, T. Mur, T. Clanchet, M. Lopez, Ch. Lopez, A. Casta¤o, J. Alegre1, T Fern ndez de Sevilla1
CAP Terrassa Sud, M£tua de Terrassa,
1Servicio de Medicina Interna Hospital General Vall dïHebr¢n, Spain
Text: 
BACKGROUND/AIM:
To know the effect of an educative intervention on self-care made by urban population.
METHODS:
Study case-control, random sample of a population greater of 15 years. 303 surveys by mail were made pre-intervention and 161 post-intervention, including habits of self-care by fever, headache, respiratory and digestive problems and arthralgias, valuing their correction after a previous consensus, and frequenting pre and post intervention, consisting of share them informative and/or pamphlet distribution.
RESULTS: 59 % women, age mediate 46,3 years. More to the doctor, the pair and the mother is consulted. The attitude varies in each symptom, in general terms the analysis is significant respect the following thing: the minors of 45 years tend to make the more self-care and greater more consultation; the men would consult more to professionals, the married ones are those that less abstain, at smaller level of studies more demand to professionals, like the unemployed ones; he confirms himself that frequenters they are those than they consult more. Frequenting average global pre-intervention of 7,08 visits/ year, and later of 6.06. Level of adjustment for each type of symptom, previous to the intervention, superior to 75% in all 293 the groups, like after the intervention.
CONCLUSION:
In the decision making respect the self-care, the main determinant is the type of symptom, followed of the age, the civil state and sex. A simple educative intervention is not effective to diminish the varia frequenting nor the adjustment of the actions.
Literature: 
179 (OP) SANITARY EDUCATION AND SELF CARE. IMPACT OF AN EDUCATIVE INTERVENTION