289: The impact of leisure activities for elderly

Conference: 
Author(s): 
Y.S. Wang 1, C.F. Mu2, C.Y. Hsu2
1 Department of Medical Education, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 2 Department of Community Medicine, Puli Christian Hospital, Puli, Taiwan
Text: 
Objective: The elderly population those who age above 65 years old was 10.69% in Taiwan by 2011. The objective of this study is to determine whether leisure activities have benefit for elderly.
Method:Between September and October 2012, 107 persons with more than 55 years old were enrolled in this study. The data was collected by face-to-face interview with questionnaire regardless of race. The participants were asked whether they have leisure activities.
The health condition and co-morbidity, cognition status, depressive symptoms and activities of daily living were compared between persons who with and without leisure activities by Charlson co-morbidity index (CCI), short portable mental status questionnaire (SPMSQ), brief symptom rating scale (BSRS-5) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL).
Result:The average age of participants (36 males, 71 females) was 70. Sixty-four (59.8%) participants had leisure activities regularly. There were no difference between the elderly who with and without leisure activities in sex, age, race, living with child and retired.
The elderly with leisure activities regularly had significantly lower CCI (0.44 vs 0.88, p=0.0306), which means they had better healthy status. There were no statistical difference in SPMSQ, BSRS-5 and IADL. However, the elderly with leisure activities regularly had better status in cognition (0.93 vs 1.09), depression (2.08 vs 3.02) and activities of daily living (6.84 vs 6.44).
Conclusion:The elderly with leisure activities regularly had better status in health, cognition, depression and activities of daily living. For health life, developing a leisure activity may be necessary in elderly.

Disclosure: No conflict of interest declared