325 (Op) Atherosclerosis As A Paediatric, Not Geriatric Problem

Conference: 
Author(s): 
M. Kelmendi
University Children's Hospital-Cardiology Department, Prishtina, Kosova
Text: 
BACKGROUND/AIM:
There are numerous reports, which documented the close link between risk factors (RF) and ischaemic or coronary heart disease (CHD) and the fact roots of atherosclerosis (AT) lie in childhood. The objective of this paper is to investigate and screen some of major CHD RF in children and adults and to identify the Coronary Risk Profile in adults with CHD RF.
METHODS: .
Healthy. persons are investigated - a group of 246 adolescents and 246 adult female, selected at random. Major CHD RF: hypertension, cigarette smoking and obesity were in a focus of interest. All generally accepted WHO guidelines are followed during the study.
RESULTS:
In children group the prevalence of hypertension was 2.2%, cigarette smoking 36.0% and obesity 4.0%. In adult group 55.0% were CHD RF free, while 45.0% had one (30.0%), two (11.0%) or three (4.0%) RF: So, prevalence of hypertension was 25.0%, cigarette smoking 24.0%, obesity 30.5%. The Coronary Risk Profile. in adult group showed the highest risk in persons with more CHD RF.
CONCLUSION:
Results from this paper, as well from other authors indicate there are many CHD RF in children and adults, in our country too. As the risk factor level rise with age, starting in childhood, the key in early prevention would be to influence children and adolescents to adopt healthy lifestyle. Furthermore, in our country, like many countries are initiated projects and campaigns in order to fight AT and CHD RF and to prevent or at least attenuate CHD. In those, health promotion measures (diet, adequate exercise, no smoking, regular health care), adults must be a model for children and such interventions should be started as early as possible, because adolescence is a critical period for adopting an individual lifestyle; Each another strategy is doomed to failure.
Literature: 
325 (OP) ATHEROSCLEROSIS AS A PAEDIATRIC, NOT GERIATRIC PROBLEM