482: Prevalence of falls in the elderly

A. Softic1, A. Beganlic2, N. Pranjic3, S. Sulejmanovic1
1 Family medicine, Health Centre Gracanica, Gracanica, Bosnia-Herzegovina; 2 Family medicine, Health Centre Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina; 3 Occupational medicine, Health Centre Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Objective: Falls are an important factor morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Every year falls between 30% and 40% of people over 65 years, and the consequences of injury in this age are much harder than the younger age groups. The greatest number of falls resulting from complex interactions between the external and internal factors. Methods: Retrospective-prospective study, the control type we analysed the incidence of falls and the identification and analysis of risk factors for falls in the elderly people in Tuzla Canton. A total of 400 medical records aged ≥ 65 years. From the total sample was formed we studied a group of patients who have a medical record of falling. The dependent variable was the fall, and as a potential risk factor for falls in the subjects were used following independent variables: age, gender, cumulative morbidity index (≥ 4 chronic diseases), polypharmacy (taking> a 3-drug day).
Results: Of the 376 respondents, women have a significantly higher 64% compared to men 36%. Most respondents were aged 65-74 years, 60% patients. The mean age of respondents was 73.66 ± 5.89 years. Most respondents have a diagnosed chronic illness 2-3, 58%. Polypharmacy is exposed to 54% patients. The prevalence of falls in the geriatric population is 34%.
Conclusion: It is evident that falls constitute a major public health problem of the elderly and that are essential to effective prevention programs to reduce the number of hospitalizations and mortality in the elderly are caused by falls.

Disclosure: No conflict of interest declared