503 Diet, Is It A Matter Of Gender?

Conference: 
Author(s): 
E. Perpinyà, N. Rifà, C. Carrazoni, I. Bailo
Institut Català de la Salut, DAP Eixample, DAP Ciutat Vella
Barcelona, Spain
Text: 
Background:
Although diet importance is well known in patients with cardiovascular risks factors, most of them fail to their compliance, specially when they are men.
Aim: To describe the patient-man’s profile that comes to our consulting room.
Methods: A descriptive observational study was carried out in two Primary Care Health Centres of Barcelona city. A random sample of 81 men were observed, 31 from a health education group and the rest from our consulting room. Aged 35-72 years, most of them married.
Results: Patients between 55-65 years old and married think diet compliance relies on wife’s attitude since she cooks. Middle age men, living alone, have no interest in diet arguing that as they have a full-time job, they have no time to do shopping and cooking so they eat at restaurants. The youngest men show a more receptive attitude, but most of them cannot have meals at home due to their work schedule. Retired men shoulder all responsibility to the woman-cook (wife, sister, daughter or daughter’s-in-law), moreover they have a sedentary behaviour which increases their weight and diet compliance becomes essential.
Conclusions:
Mediterranean diet is easy to elaborate, nevertheless it is still women who are responsible for men’s diet compliance, however educational and cultural circumstances cannot be forgotten. We must assume, if we want to be effective in our intervention, that women have to be present when we explain a diet to a men. Finally, school-based interventions should be placed if we want to change behaviours among the coming generations.
Literature: 
503 Diet, is it a Matter of Gender?