977 (Op) Lifestyle Risk Factors Among Adult Attenders In General Practice

Conference: 
Author(s): 
D.G. Hansen, N.K. Rasmussen, F. Bro, A. Munck
Research Unit of General Practice, University of Southern Denmark (DGH, FB, AM), National Institute of Public Health (NKR)
Text: 
BACKGROUND:
In the National Health Promotion Programme, the Danish Government focused on eight common chronic diseases. Intervention against current risk factors is needed and general practice will play a central role. Our knowledge about the occurrence of diseases and risk factors among adult attenders in general practice is, however, sparse.
AIM:
To analyse the prevalence of risk factors among adults consulting general practitioners in relation to age, gender and reason for encounter.
METHODS:
In November 2004, all general practitioners in 10 Danish counties were invited to an audit on prevention. 393 general practitioners (16,2%) representative of all Danish general practitioners took part. Based on self-registration of 12 consecutive consultations with adults every day on five working days, information about 22,003 consultations was included (i.e. patient's age, gender, main reason for encounter, risk factors, prophylactic counselling, and need for referral). Reason for encounter was classified according to eight common chronic diseases: type-2-diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive lung diseases, cancer, osteoporosis, musculoskeletal diseases, allergic diseases, and mental disorders.
MAIN RESULTS:
53.6% of the consultations were due to the eight common chronic diseased focused on in the National Health Promotion Programme. More than half of all adult attenders had potentially preventable risk factors, the most frequent being overweight (20.7%), low physical activity (15.8%) and smoking (15,1%). Patients with Type-2 diabetes were the group most often presenting with lifestyle risk factors.
CONCLUSION:
More than half of the adult attenders in general practice have potentially preventable risk factors and there seems to be a large potential for prevention.
Literature: 
977 (OP) LIFESTYLE RISK FACTORS AMONG ADULT ATTENDERS IN GENERAL PRACTICE