Abstract No. 76 (Free Standing Paper) : PERIPHERAL NEUROPHATY IN DM TYPE 2

Conference: 
Author(s): 
Badorrey BB, Vila JB, Nadal JF, Griera JM, Cabello CR, Solá BS
Primary Care Centre Raval-Sud, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Text: 
Introduction:
To evaluate the prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in DM type 2 and its association with risk factors and diabetes complications in a Primary Care Centre with an urban, aged and economically depressed population.
Methods:
Cross sectional study of 596 DM type 2 selected aleatory. Peripheral neuropathy criteria were abnormalities in two of this three areas: signs, symptoms and quantitative sensory and reflex tests, according to the Diabetes Control and Complications trial (DCCT) proceedings. We analysed the prevalence of peripheral neuropathy and its association with risk factors (age, sex, hypertension, disease duration, tobacco use, alcohol habit, BMI, HbA1c, lipidaemic, renal function) and other complications (peripheral, cerebral and coronary vasculopathy, diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy).
Summary of results:
Mean age was 60.7 +/- 13.2, 48% males and 52% females. Mean years of DM evolution was 8.03?8.37 with a 34.1% affected of peripheral neuropathy (CI = 30-38%). We found statistical association with: age, fasting glucose levels, HbA1c, inactivity, evolution years after diabetes diagnosis (pConclusions:
Peripheral neuropathy prevalence was 34% that means that one of three diabetic patients are affected. Age and DM years of evolution are the most important risk factors. There is an association with bad diabetes control. Peripheral neuropathy is more frequent if the patients are females or are affected of nephropathy or peripheral vasculopathy.