ASTHMA PREVALENCE & RISK FACTORS AMONG AN-NAJAH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS - PALESTINE

Author(s): 
SMJ MUSMAR 1, MJ MUSMAR 1, WA MINAWl 1
1An-Najah National University, Palestine
Text: 
BACKGROUND: Asthma has become more prevalent during the past three decades, causing significant morbidity and mortality and has resulted in a towering public health burden. The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of asthma among young adults represented by An- Najah University students.
METHODS: The study sample consisted of around 1000 (52% females, & 48% males) randomly selected students from all colleges of the University. Data were collected through structured interview, including questionnaire filling and PEF measurement.
After level of error was corrected using Miller equation, PEF results were recorded and predicted values were calculated applying the Persian & Nunn and Gregg equations. All data were analysed using SPSS program applying Chi-square test, with 95 % level of significant (P value = 0.05).
RESULTS: Physician- diagnosed asthma prevalence was 0.33% and the prevalence of ever wheezing was 0.46%; there was statistically significant association between Asthma and gender, smoking, heart problems, chronic respiratory infections at p value CONCLUSION: Results show relatively lower asthma prevalence compared to other neighbouring countries, but were consistent with studies done in Palestine. The male predominance and its association with smoking and chronic respiratory infections was consistent with similar study results.