Cp.57 Hepatitis B Status Of Patients In Family Practice: Experience Of Two Years In Outpatient Clinic

Author(s): 
S. Civi, N. Karaoglu, R. Kutlu, K. Marakoglu
Department of Family Physician, Medicine Faculty of Meram, University of Selçuk, Turkey
Text: 
Aim.
This study aimed to determine the HBsAg and anti-HBs seropositivity in patients of Family Medicine Outpatient Clinic.
Material-Methods.
In this descriptive study, patients who had been applied to Family Medicine Outpatient Clinic of Selcuk University Meram Medical Faculty for any reason, constituted the study population. Only exclusion criteria were being borne after 1998, because the Ministry of Health has began to vaccinate every infant since that time. Data collected included demographic information (sex, age, education, occupation, marital status, number of children, cigarette smoking) and hepatitis B markers (HBsAg, anti HBs).
Results.
In study group, there were 389 patients between the ages of 11-77 years (mean 42.37, SD 13.43). Of the total, 147 (37.8%) were male and 242 (62.2%) were female. Eighty two percent (n = 319) of the patients were married, 48.1% (n = 187) were housewives and 44.5% (n = 173) had primary school education, and 67.1% (n = 261) were not smoking. Number of children differs from zero to eleven. HBsAg was positive in 13 patients (3.3%) and anti-HBs were positive in 114 patients (29.3%).
Conclusion.
Surprisingly, in spite of the fact that effective vaccine against HBV is available, chronic HBV infection remains a problem. The result of HBsAg as 3.3% shows that Turkey is still a middle endemic area about HBV infection and HBV still posses a great public health concern. All family practitioners must be aware of this dreadful and preventable disease as to protect their patients and themselves, especially if they are working in endemic areas.
Literature: 
CP.57 HEPATITIS B STATUS OF PATIENTS IN FAMILY PRACTICE: EXPERIENCE OF TWO YEARS IN OUTPATIENT CLINIC