Cp.95 Importance Of Diabetes Mellitus And High Lipid Levels For Incidence Of Cardiovascular Disease In Hypertensive Patients

Author(s): 
A. Beganlic1, Z. Kusljugic2, O. Batic-Mujanovic1, N. Pranjic3, M. Hasanagic4
1 EURACT, Family Physician, Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina
2 Cardiologist, Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina
3 Specialist of Ocupational Medicine, Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzegovina
4 Family Physician, Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Text: 
Introduction.
Arterial hypertension is probably one of the most common public health problems in industrialized countries. Most of hypertensive subjects have other risk factors for development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In worsening process of hypertension other risk factors like diabetes mellitus, high level of triglyceride and cholesterol increase the risk for possible complications.
Aim:
To asses the presence of diabetes mellitus, high level of triglyceride and cholesterol in hypertensive subjects and their influence on CVD incidence.
Methods.
This retrospective study was conducted in 2000-2003 in Family Medicine Teaching centre Tuzla. The sample size included 400 patients with diagnosed hypertension, mean age 61.59 8.54 years, 180 (45%) men and 220 (55%) women. Fasting blood sugar level > 7 mmol/l, triglyceride > 1.8 mmol/l and cholesterol 6.2 mmol/l were considered as pathological ones.
Results:
Total percent of patients with diabetes mellitus was 22.25%. Among them, 76.40% patients had CAD, and 13.48% had brain damage. Statistical difference was found under the CAD presence in patients with diabetes mellitus comparing to those without it (p = 0.001). There was statistical difference under the CVD presence in patients with high triglyceride level to those with normal triglyceride level (p Conclusion.
There was significant correlation with presence of diabetes mellitus, high triglyceride and cholesterol level in hypertensive patients for developing cardiovascular disease.
Literature: 
CP.95 IMPORTANCE OF DIABETES MELLITUS AND HIGH LIPID LEVELS FOR INCIDENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS