EP04.01Like father, like son? – Characterization of children of obese patients from three Family Health Units

Author(s): 
Ana Margarida Ferreira(1), AM Correia(2), M Rocha(3), T Tavares(1), A Madeira(1)
(1) USF Viseu-Cidade, Viseu, Portugal
(2) USF Grão Vasco, Viseu, Portugal
(3) USF Infante D. Henrique, Portugal
Corresponding author: Dr Ana Margarida Ferreira, USF Viseu-Cidade, USF Viseu-Cidade, Viseu, Portugal.
E-mail: amargaridaccferreira@gmail.com
Text: 
Background: Levels of childhood and adolescence obesity and overweight represent an important public health issue and have been rising both in developed and underdeveloped countries. Parents have a genetic and environmental influence on their children, because they establish dietary patterns at home, serving as role models to their children.
Aim: Characterization of children of obese patients from a sample of 3 Portuguese Family Health Units (FHU), according to their last registered value of Body Mass Index (BMI).
Methods: Study: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional Population: offspring of obese patients from 3 FHU Inclusion Criteria: offspring of patients from the 3 FHU, with ages between 40 and 50 years old and BMI≥ 30 (registered between 01/01 and 31/12/2014) Sample: offspring of the first 50 obese patients from each FHU, selected by alphabetical order and fulfilling the inclusion criteria Variables: gender, age, last registered BMI value and respective percentile Data source: digitally available clinical files (SAM®, MedicineOne®, VitaCare®). Statistical analysis: Microsoft Excel 2010®.
Results: From the 236 children of the 150 obese patients evaluated, 50.4% were female. Ages of the offspring ranged between 2 months and 33 years old (mean of 16.9 years). From the offspring with registered BMI (196): 2.0% had low weight, 54.6% presented normal BMI; 24.5% were overweight and 18.9% were obese. From the latter, 24.3% had both parents obese.
Conclusions: From the population analysed, almost half of the children (43.3%) who had registered BMI were overweight or obese. Furthermore, about a quarter of the obese children had both parents obese. The results of this study emphasize the importance of health education provided in Primary Health Care units - thus showing that the family doctor has a privileged position in family interventions, especially concerning the obesity problem.  
Disclosure: No conflict of interest declared.