Id 404 A Ten Year Risk Evaluation For Development Of Diabetes In Adults By Using Finish Diabetes Risk Score In Primary Practice

Conference: 
Author(s): 
Karic E, Ramic E, Batic-Mujanovic O, Beganlic A, Tulumovic A, Kušljugi Z
Bosnia and Herzegovina
ena.k@bih.net.ba
Text: 
Aim(s) or purpose: To evaluate ten-year risk for development of diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) in adults by using FINDRISC (Finish Diabetes Risk SCORE) questionnaire in primary practice.
Design and method: Patients over 40 years of age, having some cardiovascular risks (hypertension, elevated blood sugar, family history of diabetes, elevated body mass index) three days in a week: Monday, Wednesday, Friday; have filled out the FINDRISC questionnaire along with a doctor of family medicine. The laboratory reports regarding random and fasting blood sugar, postprandial glucose, blood pressure, waist circumference, and body mass index were obtained from the patient’s personal record.
Results: 101 patients with some of cardiovascular risk factors (30,69 % males, 69,31 % females) were included. Their age range is from 42 to 81 years with main age 62 years. 86 (85,14 %) examinees have BMI > 25 kg/m², 62 (61,38 %) females, 17 (23,76 %) males. Waist circumference >102 cm have 18 (25,71 %) males, >88cm have 63 (90 %) females. Physically active are 25(80,64 %) males; females 55 (78,57 %), fruit and vegetables consume 23 (74,19 %) males, and 54(77,14 %) females. Antihypertensive therapy take 25 (80,64 %) males, 58(82,85 %) females. elevated blood sugar have 20 (64,51 %) males, 37 (52,85 %) females. Family histories of diabetes have 33 (47,14 %) females, 17 (54,83 %) males. The risk of developing T2DM within 10 years is higher than 20: very high-estimated 1 in 2 will develop disease- 4 (12,90 %) males, 15 (21,42 %) females. High evaluated risk that 1 of 3 will develop a disease have 41(40,59 %) examinees, 29(28,71 %) females, 11(10,89 %) males.
Conclusions: Patients prognosis is improved by early detection and treatment of diabetes. FINDRISC questionnaire is primary, economic method for screening evaluations of ten-year risks in patients with DMT2.
Literature: 
ID 404
A ten year risk evaluation for development of diabetes in adults by using finish diabetes risk score in primary practice