Id 990 Prevalence Of Child Overweight And Obesity In Preschool Age

Conference: 
Author(s): 
Silva C, Cardoso M, Cunha M, Pinto F
Portugal
celinaferreirasilva@gmail.com
Text: 
Aim(s) or purpose: Childhood obesity is a worldwide problem that has reached epidemic proportions, resulting in an increased prevalence of premature obesity related morbidities. The prevalence of obesity is rising rapidly and is expected to include 150 million children by 2010. Among primary school-age children (both sexes), the highest prevalence rates of overweight were in Portugal (7–9 years, 32 %). Interventions in preschool settings demonstrated some positive effect. The aim is to determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight among children who completed 6 years in 2008 and 2009 in one Health Care Centre.
Design and method: Type of Study: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional. Sample: children who completed 6 years in 2008 and 2009 registered in the Primary Health Centre of Ronfe. Inclusion criteria: Body Mass Index (BMI) record. Variables: BMI percentile, age and sex. Data collection: performed by authors in June 2009 and March 2010 by consulting clinical records. Data Analysis: BMI percentiles are calculated with the CDC online calculator. Data are processing in Microsoft Excel 2007®.
Results: The sample included of 320 children (51 % 2008 and 49 % 2009). In 2008, the estimated prevalence of overweight and obesity was respectively 24 % and 26 %. In 2009, 30 % of children had overweight and 25 % had obesity. There were no significant differences between sexes.
Conclusions: Half of children observed are overweight. The numbers increased from 50 % to 54 %. The results are higher than predicted by The International Obesity Task Force in the WHO European Region for 2010 (34 %). Early prevention, education and promotion of lifestyle modifications are essential and imperious in improving child and social health.
Literature: 
ID 990
Prevalence of child overweight and obesity in preschool age