Op-243 Ethnic Differences In Mental Disorders In Roma Patients

Author(s): 
Mihaela Car1, Janko Kersnik2, Dean Klancic3, Erika Zelko4, Ksenija Tusek Bunc2
1 Health Centre Novo Mesta
2 Department of family medicine Medical University Maribor, Department of Family Medicine Medical University Ljubljana
3 Department of Family Medicine Medical University Ljubljana
4 Department of Family Medicine Medical University Maribor
Text: 
Aims: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of anxiety and depression between Gypsies and Non-gypsies in Dolenjska and Bela krajina region of Slovenia.
Design & Methods: Gypsy and non-gypsy patients who visited family doctors offices in the year 2006 and agreed to participate were included in my study. They were given a questionnaire, which they filled anonymously. We used Zung's self-assessment inventories for anxiety and depression. They also answered the questions for age, gender, marital status and employment status. 500 questionnaires were distributed, 250 among gypsies and 250 among non-gypsies.
Results. The study also showed that gypsies are from cultural and socio-economic view very different from the others. They live in rural areas, they have very low level of education, most of them are not employed. The study showed that 7.9 % of patients suffered for anxiety and 7.4 % for depression. There was no substantial difference in the incidence of depression and anxiety disorder among gypsies and non-gypsies.
Conclusions. The prevalence of anxiety and depression are low both in Gypsy and Non-gypsy population in Slovenia. We are still not efficient enough to deal with the patients that are from cultures so different than our own. Family doctors will be able to recognise and treat depression and anxiety among all patients even those who are from other cultures only after we go through 'cultural education. With cultural qualification we can develop reliable relationship and respect, in the first with gypsies who are still living on the edge of our civilisation.
Literature: 
OP-243
ETHNIC DIFFERENCES IN MENTAL DISORDERS IN ROMA PATIENTS