OP-376 : Role of gender in the healt-disease family attend one unit of family medicine IMSS UMF 19

Author(s): 
Issa Gil Alfaro, Celerino Pérez Hernández, Mexico
Text: 
To compare socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of couples assigned to the UMF 19 according to gender.

We performed a prospective comparison in UMF # 19 IMSS Mexico. Included couples attending consultation 8 months, conducted with support in the clinical files.

We included 100 couples, married (96%) of 2 to 12 members, with 0 to 16 children, average 2 children (33%) of nuclear family (51%), urban (93%), traditional (78 %), integrated (73%), employed occupation (53%), family independence phase (67%), low family poverty (64%), the economic contribution of the male (84%), men and women deciding between the number of children (44%) and education (58%) giving a woman the child care (64%) and food (78%) given as head of household to men (97%). Was incomplete primary schooling and occupation on women´s work in the home and male employees. For women dominated the family history of diabetes (42%), hypertension (33%) and cancer (16%) and for personal diabetes in men (27%) and hypertension in women (27%) and obesity (22%). There were higher BMI and increased unpaid work among women (p = 0.0000) and higher paid work and work disability in men (p = 0.001 and 0.018), lower vocational schooling daughters (p = 0.005) prevailed in men smoking (p = 0.003) and alcoholism (p = 0.002) without differences in self-perception of health status, recreation grounds and number of consultations.

For a comprehensive approach in Family Medicine must consider all these aspects to improve the health of our patients.