P-019 Prevalence Of Dyslipidaemia In Swiss Army Recruits – A Descriptive Study

Conference: 
Author(s): 
Bonani M. (Zürich), Kunz A. (Rüti), Muggli F. (Rivera), Battegay E. (Zürich), Suter P. (Zürich)
Text: 
Objectives: Early detection of a dyslipidaemia is of major importance in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Military drafting procedures, which are compulsory for all men in Switzerland, are a good setting to study the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.
Methods: 385 men presenting at the military drafting centre in Rueti were included into the study. Body mass index (BMI) and waist and hip circumferences were determined. A serum lipid profile was obtained and lifestyle issues were assessed with a self administered structured questionnaire.
Results: The mean ± SD age of the men was 20 ± 1 years, BMI 23 ± 3 kg/m2. The mean ± SD waist and hip circumferences were 82.67 ± 9.94 and 95.0 ± 9.22 cm. In 25% of the men lipid profiles were obtained in the fasting (defined as >3 hours postprandial) state and 75% postprandial. The mean ± SD total cholesterol of the population was 4.37 ± 0.73 mmol/L, the LDL 2.40 ± 0.64 mmol/L, the HDL 1.34 ± 0.25 mmol/L and triglycerides (TG) 1.4 ± 0.76 mmol/L, respectively. 14% had TG > 2.0 mmol/L, 7% a HDL 4.0 mmol/L, 1% had a total cholesterol > 6.5 mmol/L. 21% had a BMI >25 kg/m2 and 4% were obese (BMI >30 kg/m2). In individuals with a BMI >25 kg/m2 a triglyceride value >2 mmol/L and a HDL value 4.0 mmol/L. A significant relation was found between the waist circumference and the HDL (r = –0.30, p Conclusion: This descriptive study shows a high prevalence of low HDL-cholesterol levels in this population, which doubled to 15% in individuals with a BMI >25 kg/m2. The military drafting might be a good setting to assess lipid status and obesity. In view of the high prevalence of risk factors preventive strategies in this population should be considered. The annual military repetition courses would be an ideal place for sustainable implementation of preventive interventions.
Literature: 
P-019
Prevalence of dyslipidaemia in Swiss army recruits – a descriptive study