Po287 Characterization Of Patients Diagnosed With Tuberculosis Over A Period Of A Year.

Conference: 
Author(s): 
Ana Guiomar1 e Vanda Estríbio1
1USF Servir Saúde - Corroios
Text: 
Introduction: In a general way, tuberculosis is a common infectious disease and sometimes it is fatal. The great majority of patients show a latent infection. It is vital to identify and treat people with active tuberculosis prematurely as well as tracking latent tuberculosis in the population that is under a high risk factor. Purpose: Characterize patients diagnosed with tuberculosis, that have been observed at the Emergency Room of the Garcia da Orta Hospital, between 1st of August 2012 and 31 st July 2013.
Methodology: The data was obtained through consulting computer files of patients and then construction and analysis of an Excel basis.
Results: 28 sick people were included on this study, 20 men and 8 women, aged between 5 and 76 years (average age, 42 years). As for nationalities we had 23 Portuguese and 5 Foreigners. Seven patients did not show any risk factor. As per the tuberculosis diagnosis: in 26 it was pulmonary and in 5 extra pulmonary. On the active pulmonary tuberculosis cases (22), only two patients had the three most typical symptoms simultaneously. The symptoms lasted an average of 9 weeks. All patients were examined in the ER of the hospital and some were subsequently committed to several medical services before a diagnosis was made.
Conclusions: This work intended to emphasize the importance of putting this diagnosis hypothesis in presence of symptomatology susceptible to fit with the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Only this way will it be possible to avoid the late diagnosis, verified in this study.
Literature: 
PO287 CHARACTERIZATION OF PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH TUBERCULOSIS OVER A PERIOD OF A YEAR.
Keywords: 
tuberculosis, Garcia da Orta Hospital, Emergency Room