PP-064 : FREQUENCY OF METABOLIC SYNDROME IN SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY ATTENDING A FIRST CARE UNIT OF MEXICAN INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SECURITY, MEXICO

Author(s): 
maria angelica cruz guzman, Maria del Rosario Portales-Hernández, Josue Emmanuel Venosa-Peña, Cidronio Alvabera-Hernandez, Mexico
Text: 
To identify the Metabolic Syndrome (MS) frequency in school children with overweight and obesity attending a first care unit of Mexican Institute of Social Security.

After a registration of IRB we conducted a cross sectional research in 102 school children who carry a diagnosis of overweight and obesity. 82% accepted to participate giving us a blood sample. The inclusion criteria for MS were based on ATP III guidelines issued by the NCEP and were adapted for children and teenagers. Blood pressure was classified following the Fourth Report on Diagnosis, Evaluation and Treatment of Arterial Hypertension in Children and Teenagers and waist circumference by NHANES III. HDL-c, triglycerides and glucose levels were determined. All data were collected in excel and analysed by Stata v9.

The MS frequency of overweight and obesity together was 28.57%; 68.18% of the children with obesity had MS, in comparison to 31.81% among overweight children. MS was more prevalent in girls (28.8%) vs. 16.7% in boys. Ten years was the age with the highest values of MS in girls (20.8%) vs. 12 years in boys (16.7%). Only 5 children were found with glucose levels over 100mg/dL. 73.8% were found with HDL-c below desirable levels. The more common blood pressure abnormality was the systolic in 2.3%. 40% the whole population had central obesity.

Our findings suggest a strong relation between the MS and body weight claimed by previous studies; however the growth-metabolic changes lead to changes in blood pressure, BMI and body fat mass.