Pp-167 Evaluation Of Coronary Heart Diseases And Risk Factors, In Our City

Author(s): 
Ahmet Cekirdekci 1, Mustafa Emmiler1, Dilek Toprak2, Ismet Dogan3, Serap Demir4
1 Afyon Kocatepe University, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
2 Afyon Kocatepe University, Department of Family Medicine
3 Afyon Kocatepe University, Department of Biostatistics
4 Afyon Kocatepe University, Department of Internal Medicine
Text: 
Background: Hypertension (HT), smoking, obesity, sedentary life, Diabetes Mellitus (DM), stres, high lipid levels, atherogenic diet and gender are accepted as risk factors for coronary artery diseases (CHD). In our study, we aimed to evaluate the patients who had CHD history with the risk factors HT, DM, smoking, obesity, lipid profiles and gender.
Methods: A community based cross sectional study was carried out in 2035 people who were 19 years old and over and selected randomly from 75 different parts of our city. A questionnaire was administered by face to face method and detailed physical examinations were performed to study group by the physicians. Blood samples were taken for lipid profiles and glucose levels.
Results: One hundred thirty four (6.6%) of our study group had CHD history of which 55.2% were men and 44.8% were women. Most of our patients were in 41-64 years old group (66.4%) and 22.4% of them were 65 and over aged. Totally 24.6% of them had Diabetes Mellitus, 44.8% had Hypertension, 34.4% had BMI?30kg/m2 and 43.3% had hyperlipidaemia, Only 57 .1 % of our patients were never smoked. We found relation of DM, HT, gender and smoking factors with the coronary heart diseases statistically significant (pConclusion: By controlling Diabetes Mellitus, hypertension, body weight and lipid profiles and also educating people not to smoke, will help to reduce the cardiovascular risks which are still big problems for the population.
Literature: 
PP-167
EVALUATION OF CORONARY HEART DISEASES AND RISK FACTORS, IN OUR CITY