PP-276 : Depression and family functionality perception in urban elderly adults from Cardenas, Tabasco, Mexico

Marco Antonio Zavala González, Guadalupe
Domínguez Sosa, Mexico
Identify the frequency of depression and perceived family dysfunction, and your associated factors, in urban elderly adults of Cardenas, Tabasco, Mexico.

Design: traverse, analytic. Study population: Claimant users of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS). Sample: no randomized for convenience, subjects that complete selection criteria. Inclusion criteria: any sex, without cognitive deterioration, middle socio-economic status and habitual residence in urban zones that goes to emplacements of the IMSS in the city during January-June 2008, accepted participate and signed informed consent. Variables: socio-economic, demographic, family functionality perception, depression. Instruments: Apgar Family, Yesavage Scale (reduced version). Analysis: descriptive statistics and odds ratio (OR) with 95% of confidence (p=0.05), estimated with SPSS© 10,0.

100 elderly adults, 60% females, 40% males; mean age 69,71±7,01 years-old, minimum 60, maximum 91. Family functionality perception: functional 51%, moderate dysfunction 35%, severe dysfunction 14%. Depression frequency: Without depression 47%, light depression 34%, moderate-severe depression 19%. Depression associated factors: low education-level OR 4,68 (CI95 1,41, 15,60), no-unit civil status (single, divorced) OR 6.00 (CI95 1,18, 30,63). Perceived family dysfunction associated factors: low education-level OR 3,85 (CI95 1,16, 12,79), age major to national life hope (74 years-old) OR 0,33 (CI95 0,12, 0,95). Association force depression/family dysfunction-family dysfunction/depression OR 5,54 (CI95 2,34, 13,10).

The frequency of depression and perceived family dysfunction was high in comparison with other reports. Be found significant statistically association among these two variables, as well as among this and education and loneliness that constitute an intervention opportunity.