Pp-439 Burnout Among Residents At Kocaeli University Medical Faculty; Preliminary Results Of A Cross-Sectional Survey

Author(s): 
Bekir Vural1, Senem Aslan-Tangurek1, Ebru Celik-Guzel 1, Serpil Ayar-Derinkaya 1, Ozgur Teberru-Acar1, Senem Ekrem-Gedik1, Selda Ozturk1, Sevgi Ozcan 1, Yenal Izci2, T. Muge Filiz1, Pinar Topsever1
1 Kocaeli University Medical F acuity Department of Family Medicine, Turkey
2 Erasmus student from Radboud University Medical Faculty,Nijmegen
Text: 
Aim: Our aim was to determine burnout among vocational trainees at Kocaeli University Medical Faculty (KOUMF) and its relation to socio-demographic features.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted among residents at KOUMF between December 2007 and February 2008, where the total number of residents was 296 (surgery disciplines n= 118 ( 40% ), internal medicine departments n=l 78 (60%)). After informed consent participants completed a questionnaire consisting of two parts, inquiring socio-demographical and lifestyle related variables and featuring the Turkish version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Independent Samples t-test was performed to determine significance between socio-demographic, lifestyle and professional experience factors and the MBI subscales (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment).
Results: One hundred sixty four out of 296 distributed questionnaires were evaluated (response ·rate = 55.4%). Participants (n= 52 (32%) surgery disciplines residents, n=112 (68%) internal medical discipline residents) had a mean age of 28.8 ± 3.4 years and a M/F ratio of 52.4%/47.6%. Average work experience as physician was 50±38.4 months; work experience at KOUMF was 26.6 ± 17.4 months. Twenty four percent of the trainees had burnout according to subscale scores. Emotional exhaustion and depersonalization were statistically associated with working at surgery departments, disliking job, dissatisfaction of professional education, lack of collegial support and patient appreciation, insufficient time for social relations. Low personal accomplishment was statistically associated with female gender, being married and absence of vacation.
Conclusion: In our sample burnout was prevalent among residents and associated with gender and modifiable factors like professional-social support and workload issues.
Literature: 
PP-439
BURNOUT AMONG RESIDENTS AT KOCAELI UNIVERSITY MEDICAL FACULTY; PRELIMINARY RESULTS OF A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY