PP-559 : EDUCATIONAL PLAN FOR PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC DISEASES AND THEIR FAMILIES

Author(s): 
Maria Cristina da Costas Dias, Omaira Flores Martínez, Venezuela
Text: 
In the primary health care the most frequent reasons for consultation are the chronic diseases which require a therapeutic and preventive approach that includes educating the patient and family as essential for the acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities that promote adaptation, sense of responsibility, participation and decision making in self-care. Empirical evidence and medical literature suggests that the health professional faces limitations when developing content and strategies of patient education, raising the need for a model for guidance on these issues. The aim of this work is to propose an educational plan for chronic patients and their families who sketch the information about the disease, intervention strategies, monitoring and self-management, for use as a practical guide to family medicine consultation

The study was situated in the mode of feasible project supported by documentary research. The proposal was structured into eight thematic units: Culture and beliefs, notions of anatomy and physiology, clinical manifestations, risk factors and triggers, monitoring, medication, preventive measures and self-management. Each unit contains its objectives and instructional strategies (methods and educational techniques, resources required, motivational activities and reinforcement). The model is designed for use by the health team in primary care, being flexible enough to suit the individual education, group and community, according to the application context, target population, time and resources available.