Pp-579 Prevention Of Chronic Diseases Through Out Discovering Risk Factors

Author(s): 
Biljana Cimbaljevic, Nada Vukadinovic, Radmila Lecic, Sladjana Mihajlovic
Health Centre Krusevac
Text: 
Chronic diseases has proportion of modem epidemic. There are many causes for developing, and often, they make irretrievable damage. The aim is to prevent chronic diseases.
Aim: Discovery of risk factors for chronic diseases in healthy population, and differences between sexes.
Method: The examination was done in Health Centre Krusevac. We used personal data from preventive cards and tested them statistically (T- test,x2-test).
Results: We examined 157 persons, the average 46.52±12.06 years: 91 (57.96%) female, 66 (42.04%) male. The average BMI was 25.35±5.1 kg/m2, 41.4% persons had normal BMI. 49.67% persons had normal SP, the average SP was 133.15±21.75 mmHg. The DP was normal for 70.07% persons, and DP average was 82.96±10.74 mmHg. The average glucose level was 4.62±0.87 mmol/l, and normal level had 90.44% persons. Desirable cholesterol level had 35.02% persons, and the average was 5.69±1.03 mmol/l. The average triglycerides value was 2.15±1.31 mmol/l, and desirable level had 50.95% persons. 27.39% persons were smokers and 77.08% persons were physically active, but there wasn't difference between sexes and smokers and non-smokers (x2=2.02;p=0.05) and physical active and inactive persons (x2=0.1856;p=0.05). The risk for diabetes was low in 54. 78% persons, and the average risk was 7.12±4.71. The difference between sexes wasn't statistical significant for SP (t=1.18;p=0.05), DP (t=1.83;p=0.05), glucose level (t=1.07;p=0.05), cholesterol value (t=1.17;p=0.05), risk for diabetes (t=1.66; p=0.05). The difference between sexes was statistical significant for triglycerides value (t=2.47;p=0.01), but not highly.
Conclusion: Prevention is main aim in health care, because ,,it's always better to prevent than to cure".
Literature: 
PP-579
PREVENTION OF CHRONIC DISEASES THROUGH OUT DISCOVERING RISK FACTORS