Sp.24 Over-The-Counter Antibiotic Availability And Use In Poland

Author(s): 
P. Kardas, A. Swiatek, M. Habib, D. Herczynski, K. Horbaczewska
Medical University of Lodz, First Department of Family Medicine, Lodz, Poland
Text: 
Background / Aim.
In a number of European countries, over-the-counter antibiotics are widely prevalent, although this practice is prohibited by low. Therefore, the aim of the study was to assess the extent of over-the-counter antibiotic availability and use in Poland.
Methods.
This was a questionnaire-based study. Especially prepared questionnaire was distributed among over 500 patients attending their family doctors practices in Lodz region (central Poland). In this questionnaire, we asked the patients about the availability of over-the-counter antibiotics in the pharmacies and the reasons they decided to obtain this antibiotics without contacting their family physicians and obtaining the prescription in a normal way.
Results.
The study results confirm low level of over-the-counter antibiotic use in Poland. It is not frequent for patients to obtain their antibiotics without prescription. Nevertheless, in some cases patients obtain these drugs without contacting their family physicians, and find the pharmacist prone to sell these drugs over the counter, against the low.
Conclusion.
Contrary to some East and West European countries, over-the-counter antibiotic availability is a rare situation in Poland. Nevertheless, this misbehaviour should be carefully addressed by family physicians, pharmacists and relevant governmental bodies, as it is connected with possible risk of adverse drug reaction, patient non-compliance and increased risk of resistant bacteria spread.
Literature: 
SP.24 OVER-THE-COUNTER ANTIBIOTIC AVAILABILITY AND USE IN POLAND